The Issues With A Transfer Medical
As the transfer window comes to an end, there will no doubt be sets of managers, fans, owners and players who are unhappy with what has happened. The summer transfer window must be a complete nightmare for everyone involved with a football club. We often see managers and players sticking their heads out of windows, as well as agents on phones along with a news reporter waiting outside a football ground.
One of the major stumbling blocks for any transfer is the medical. How often is it that we see a seemingly serene transfer crumble because of a medical. It can often be because of a player’s injury record, an unfound heart condition or occasionally a player simply isn’t fit enough. Patrick Kraft from Arinite health and safety consultants said ‘Medicals can be a big problem. They are so rigorous, players are literally tested on everything, with their being little or no room for error. But with the amount of money being invested you can understand why clubs have to be quite so precocious.’
The players have their skeletal range of movement asses. That’s essentially their joints, key muscles, fitness and any weak spots. But there are things assessed which years ago wouldn’t even have been touched upon. Areas like the pelvis will help determine both upper and lower body mobility.
A footballer will be tested on different things dependant on his position. Goalkeepers for example will have a thorough check through for their entire upper body, shoulders, elbows, wrists and obviously hands.
If a player has a history of problems he will often have to go through a deep scan. This usually means having a hospital on standby for magnetic resonance and ultrasound scan available. Scanning units can be used to assess the majority of muscles and joints in a human skeleton.
Players will obviously have their body fat score tested. Fitness and body weight is essential to proficiency of a footballer, specifically passing a BMI test. Most professional footballers have a body fat percentage of around 10%. Clubs will usually use Bioelectrical impedance technology. Essentially a body fat monitor which sends an electrical signal through the body to measure lean tissue and fat.
To test a players fitness, they will quite literally be pushed to the edge. An ergometric sprint test is the usual method used for testing a player long distance and sprint speed ability. It essentially measures a player’s speed over a set distance. A result of sub-three seconds for the 20m sprint test would be expected for an outfield player in the Championship.
So as fit as you might think professional footballers are. There are plenty of things which can go wrong.